Water Treatment Plant in Hosur

The purpose of water treatment is to remove contaminants from wastewater so that it can be recycled into the water cycle as effluent. Effluent can be reused for various purposes (called water reclamation) after it is returned to the water cycle. water treatment plants handle the treatment process. Treatment of wastewater varies depending on the type of water treatment plant. Treatment plants for domestic wastewater (also known as municipal wastewater or sewage) are known as sewage treatment plants. The treatment of industrial wastewater occurs either in a separate plant or in a sewage treatment plant (usually after some pretreatment). Leachate treatment plants and agricultural water treatment plants are other types of water treatment plants.

A variety of processes are used in wastewater treatment, including phase separation (such as sedimentation), biological and chemical processes (such as oxidation) or polishing. Sludge is usually treated in the same or another wastewater treatment plant by a process known as anaerobic treatment. Anaerobic treatment also produces biogas.

Reclaimed water can be made from treated wastewater. Wastewater treatment aims to ensure that treated wastewater can be safely disposed of or reused. In order to ensure the wastewater is treated correctly, disposal or reuse options must be considered before treatment.

The benefits of a water treatment plant

We use water every day to drink, shower, flush toilets, and wash clothes. Often, we don’t stop to consider where this water comes from since we are accustomed to clean water on demand. In addition to lakes, rivers, and reservoirs, we also get our drinking water from groundwater. The underground can also be used to obtain water The water in this area is called groundwater. All water must be cleaned before it can be used, regardless of its source. Water treatment plant refers to this process. The process of making water drinkable involves several steps. 

To provide safe drinking water to their communities, public drinking water systems use a variety of water treatment methods. The process of treating public water often involves coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection.

water treatment plant in Hosur

Steps involved in water treatment plant in Hosur


Water treatment plant usually begins with coagulation. Coagulation involves adding positive-charged chemicals to water. In water, dirt and other dissolved particles have a negative charge that is neutralized by the positive charge. Upon binding with the chemicals, the particles become slightly larger. Salts, aluminum, and iron are some of the most common chemicals used in this process.


Coagulation is followed by flocculation. Flocculation occurs when water is gently mixed to produce larger, heavier particles called flocs. In order to form flocs, water treatment plants often add additional chemicals during this step.


Solids are separated from water by sedimentation, one of the steps in water treatment plants in Hosur. Since flocs are heavier than water, they settle to the bottom during sedimentation.


The clear water on top of the flocs is filtered to remove additional solids from the water after the flocs have settled to the bottom. Filtration of clear water involves passing it through a variety of filters with different pore sizes (such as sand, gravel, and charcoal). Dust, chemicals, parasites, bacteria, and viruses are removed by these filters. Bad odors are also removed by activated carbon filters.

In addition to traditional filtration, ultrafiltration can be used in water treatment plants. As the water passes through an ultrafiltration membrane, it passes through pores that are extremely small. There are only a few small molecules that pass through this filter (such as salts and tiny, charged molecules).

Adding reverse osmosis to the water filtration process is another way to remove additional particles. Recycled water and salt water are often treated by reverse osmosis at water treatment plants.


Water treatment plants may add chemicals to the water after it has been filtered to kill parasites, bacteria, and viruses that remain. Water treatment plants ensure that the water leaves the facility with low levels of chemical disinfectants to keep it safe for homes and businesses. Water treatment plant disinfectants kill germs by killing those in the pipes between the tap and treatment plant.

water treatment plant in Hosur

The 4 Main types of water treatment plants

Water that has been rendered unusable for human consumption or that cannot be used for its intended purpose is referred to as wastewater. Wastewater produced by industrial operations is treated by industrial wastewater treatment processes. In operation, there are several types of water treatment plants:

1. Treatment plants for sewage

The process of treating wastewater entails removing contaminants from it. Depending on the size of the municipality, sewage treatment plants may treat mostly household sewage or may also treat industrial wastewater. At the beginning of a sewage wastewater treatment system, solid materials are removed from the waste. In addition, dissolved nutrients and organic matter are broken down. A disinfection treatment may be performed if necessary to eliminate pathogenic bacteria. In the course of the entire process, sewage sludge is produced, and this sludge must be treated before it can be disposed of in the environment. Sewage treatment plants are usually run by wastewater treatment companies.

2. Plants for treating industrial wastewater

Water treatment plant and environmental pollution are regulated by local and national bodies that govern industrial plants. A petroleum refinery, for example, usually has onsite treatment facilities. In this way, they can ensure that wastewater contains acceptable levels of pollutants before it is released into rivers, oceans, and landfills. Due to their high quality treatment, some industries have turned to constructed wetlands as onsite treatment plants. Before being treated and released into the environment, some wastewater is also recycled.

3. Treatment plants for agricultural wastewater

Plantations with large areas of crops use these systems to regulate runoff from spraying pesticides, applying fertilizer, handling animal sludge, or irrigating the fields. Industrial wastewater treatment systems use similar machines and treatment units as these plants. Due to the availability of land for settling basins, facultative lagoons, and ponds, their operational costs are considerably lower. As well as for the production of eggs and milk in confined spaces, they are also used in continuous animal operations. JNE Environmental’ s website contains a variety of resources if you are seeking more information.

water treatment plant in Hosur

4. Treatment plants for leachate

Liquids that pass through the soil and dissolve substances that are environmentally hazardous are called leachates. Landfills are used to treat leachate treatment plants. Reverse osmosis and biological treatment are among the options used. As a result of these treatment methods, dangerous substances dissolved in liquid or water are reduced in concentration.

Finally, a few thoughts:

In light of the above points, water treatment plant is crucial to the environment. Make sure the water you use has been properly treated to avoid any harm. For more information, speak with a company that provides wastewater treatment services.

 Within factories. To remove toxic dissolved organic compounds from wastewater, an industrial wastewater treatment plant may include API oil-water separators, clarifiers, and carbon filtration plants.

Some frequently asked questions are provided here

How is water treated?

A disinfection process. Water treatment plants may add one or more chemical disinfectants (such as chlorine, chloramine, or chlorine dioxide) after the water has been filtered.

In water treatment plants, what materials are used?

Options for water treatment piping. Water and wastewater applications traditionally use carbon steel and stainless steel because of their durability and strength

How is water classified?

There are three states of water: solid (ice), liquid (water), and gaseous (vapor).

Ice is solid water that has been frozen. The molecules of water move farther apart when they freeze, making ice less dense than water. There is fluidity and wetness to liquid water. The air around us contains vaporized water as a gas.